DIEFENTHAL1905 Materials


DIEFENTHAL1905 Materials for all who are interested 
in the different materials which are used in the production
of their favorite head wear.
Or for the person which lacks the right term . It can be
looked up here.

A felt made of animal fur (mostly rabbit).
The production process of fur felt is more difficult than the process of producing wool felt. That derives from the fact, that the sturctur of fur is much slicker then the structur of wool gained from sheeps. Whereas fur felt itches much less than wool because of its smoothness. Its surface is also shinier than the surface of wool. That is the reason why it looks nobler. But all these facts make fur felt also much more expensive than wool felt.

A felt mostly made from sheep wool.
Products made of wool felt are insulating and keep you warm. It can also store a huge amount of water (up to a fourth of its own weight) and still feel dry on the surface. It is pressure resistant so it does not crumble and wrinkle. Furthermore wool felt is not inflameable.

Is a fur felt with longer hair than the usual fur felt. So it looks more fuzzy.

Velour felt is a slightly sanded felt. It has a smoother haptik than the normal fur felt.

That is no felt made from antelopes fur but a really fine sanded type of felt.

Beaver is called the king of the furry animals because of the quality of its fur. Beaver is still more expensive than any other fur felt why it is just used for the highest quality of fur felt hats.


Panama or Panama hat is a hand woven straw hat which is exclusivly made in Ecuador. The name "Panama" instead of "Ecuador" derives from the fact, that the hats where imported into the United States of Amercia via Panama. There they received a customs stampe from Panama. That is the reason why the people thought the hats were produced in Panama instead of Ecuador.

Tweed, named after the scottish word "tweel", which has the same meaning as the english word "twill", describes a woven wool. Tweed is mostly used for british tartans but you can also find it used for other pattern. It is used for clothing and for caps as well.


"Stumpe" is the german word for a felt hat blank. A Stumpe lacks every kind of shaping or finishing.


The word trimming is used for every added ribbons, feathers, .


Crown is the name for the top part of the hats head. It can be differently shaped. Thge most of this different crwon shapes have certain names (tear drop, cattleman crease, diamond, open crown, etc.).


The brim is the part of the hat which stands horizontally to the head/crown. The shape and the size of the brim is, at least for a lot of models, decisive for the naming of the hat model.


Shoulder is the name of the part of the hat where the brim meets the head of the hat.

Dents in front of the hat's head with which you can set the hat right. You shouldn't take your hat on or off with the helb of this dents.

Neck is the vertical part of the hats head.


Crown shape is the top part of the crown. The part which gives a hat its distinctive look.


When you roll in the brim of a hat all around the brim, then it is called a roll.

When you roll in the brim of a hat, it is called "a roll".

Stiffeners are used to stiffen the brim and the head of a hat. They are applyed by brush or they are sprayed on or by dipping.

A milliner is the female counterpart to the hat maker or hatter. She crafts hats and caps  mostly for women.

The fibers of a felt hat standing vertical to the surface are called pile. The longer the pile is the fuzzier the hat looks.

Whereas in the German speaking countries the head CIRCUMFERENCE is measured in centimeters, in the english speaking countries the head is measured by the DIAMETER in inch. The english sizing is exactly the diameter in inch whereas the american diameter is 1/8 inch bigger than the actual measurement.